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Diabetes Specialist

Ithaca Primary Care

Primary Care Practice & Behavioral Health located in Ithaca, NY

Over 29 million Americans have diabetes, but one in four of them don’t know it. Whether you need a physician to make a diagnosis or help you manage an existing condition, Dr. Radomir D. Stevanovic can help. Call Ithaca Primary Care in Ithaca, New York, or schedule an appointment online to learn more about their diabetes care and counseling services.

Diabetes Q&A

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease associated with your body’s glucose, or blood sugar, levels. Glucose is your body’s main source of energy and comes from the food you eat. Insulin, a hormone made by your pancreas, regulates your blood sugar. When you have diabetes, your body has difficulty either producing enough insulin or using it effectively.

What are the different types of diabetes?

Diabetes is an umbrella term for several variations of the disease; the most common are type 1 and type 2.

Type 1

Type 1 diabetes is usually hereditary and often develops in children. If you have type 1 diabetes, your body doesn’t make insulin, and you need daily insulin injections to ensure your blood sugar is properly regulated.

Type 2

Type 2 diabetes is often caused by obesity. This form of diabetes is often seen in people who are middle-aged or older and is the most common form.

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

In many cases, diabetes doesn’t have symptoms. When they do appear, they are similar in both type 1 and 2, though type 1 symptoms usually come on quickly and are more severe.

Symptoms of diabetes include:

  • Itchy skin
  • Dry mouth
  • Blurred vision
  • Frequent urination
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Increased thirst and hunger

People with diabetes also take longer to heal and are more susceptible to skin infections. You might also have pain or numbness in your legs or feet.

When left untreated, diabetes can cause serious health problems, such as hearing loss, heart disease, foot problems including amputation, and nerve, kidney, or eye damage.

How is diabetes diagnosed and treated?

Dr. Stevanovic makes a diabetes diagnosis through a comprehensive physical exam that includes blood tests.

When you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes, it’s important to make healthy lifestyle choices regarding diet and exercise. In some cases, a healthy lifestyle is enough to effectively manage type 2 diabetes without additional medication. Type 1 diabetes typically requires daily insulin therapy as well.

Dr. Stevanovic also partners with Ithaca Primary Care’s diabetes education specialist, Nancy Peckenpaugh, CDE, who offers nutritional counseling for diabetes management. If you have diabetes, it’s also important to have regular diabetic foot exams to reduce your risks of serious health conditions.  

For comprehensive diabetes care, call Ithaca Primary Care or schedule an appointment online today.